One of the overall objectives and tasks of national development for 5 years, in the period of 2016-2020 expressed in the Resolution of the 12th Party Congress: “Implementing synchronously mechanisms, policies and solutions developing human resources, especially high-quality human resources to meet the requirements of socio-economic development ”. The question is how to assess the current status of training and developing high quality human resources in order to have effective solutions to meet the requirements of promoting industrialization, modernization and initiative, actively international integration.
Each country, wants to develop socio-economy, needs resources including: Natural resources, capital, science – technology, people … In which human resources are important and nature most decided. High quality human resources is an integral part of national human resources, when that country gradually moves towards a knowledge-based economy. In addition to the trend of international integration and globalization, high-quality human resources play a decisive role and develop high-quality human resources to increase the value of people both physically, mentally and mentally. wisdom, skills, refreshing capabilities and qualities to meet the increasing demands for socio-economic development. But overall, the development of a high quality human resource is a change in the quantity and quality of knowledge, skills, fitness and spirit; is the process of creating and using comprehensive human capacity for socio-economic development and the perfection of each individual.
So, what are the criteria for assessing high quality human resources? Not all trained people respond to jobs. High quality manpower is not only reflected in diplomas, academic and professional certificates, but also in the quality of culture, skill level, and labor skills to make high quality products.
Vietnam is in the period of golden population, the period in which the working age population is the highest. Human resources are plentiful in quantity, but unfortunately, they are limited in quality. According to a recent survey result: the number of doctors is more than 14,000 people, but there are up to 70% of management positions, only 30% do professional work. More than 60% of university graduates and masters every year have not got a job. The number of students after graduation must also retrain and take a few years to get used to. According to the World Bank (WB), the quality of human resources in Vietnam currently only reaches 3.39 out of 10 points, while Korea is 6.91; India is 5.76; Malaysia is 5,59; Thailand is 4.94 … Moreover, high quality human resources in our country are unreasonably distributed: more than 92% of staff with doctoral or higher degrees are concentrated in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. ; In the Central Highlands, Northwest and South Vietnam, this rate is less than 1%. Human resources in our country are having many shortcomings: the number of university-level and higher-level training has increased significantly in recent years, but the quality of these subjects has not met the criteria. about high quality human resources as mentioned above. Therefore, when they work, many people do not meet the requirements of employers.
Restrictions can be seen at three angles: training, use and remuneration.
Training high quality human resources is a national task and placed on the shoulders of universities. In recent years, the system of education and training, especially high-level training has been developed and expanded, but the quality of training is still limited and weak. The reason is the lack of highly qualified lecturers; contents of training programs which are not regularly updated to meet the changes of science and technology; economic management in an internationalized environment; facilities, equipment for practice experiments, laboratories, libraries, poor textbooks. Outdated teaching and learning methods, as well as the will and determination to cultivate knowledge and professional skills of a large number of young people are still limited.
The work of state management, especially the planning and plans of human resource development orientations of sectors is still weak, quite fragmented and inconsistent. The forecast of long-term human resource demand for socio-economic development is also very limited, the structure of training by occupation, training level is not long-term planning. The training institutions do not have enough information about labor supply and demand, so the construction of trades, targets and training levels annually is not close to reality.
Labor use is still unreasonable. The remuneration regime for “talented people” is not appropriate and inadequate; Inequality is a major barrier to the creativity of high-quality human resources. The remuneration regimes are still largely in the plans and drafts of all levels and competent agencies.
So what is the solution for training and developing high quality human resources? Training and developing high quality human resources will make an important contribution to the goal of bringing our country to become a basic country soon.